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Research Topics

Complementary and Integrative Health

Complementary and integrative health (CIH) consists of treatment approaches that are not currently part of conventional medical practice, and may be considered complementary (i.e., used in place of or used along with standard medical care). Integrative medicine refers to care that blends both mainstream and alternative practices. CIH emphasizes patient empowerment, self-activation, preventive self-care, and wellness. Generally, most CIH approaches fall into two categories: natural products, such as herbs, vitamins and minerals, and probiotics; and mind-body practices, such as yoga, meditation, massage therapy, acupuncture, and mindfulness.  

VA health services research into CIH includes access to these modalities in VA settings; efficacy of both products and mind-body practices; and evaluations of benefits and costs.

Each section below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term " Complementary and Integrative Health". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Topic Spotlight | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources


(5 of more than 38 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused publications)

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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 3 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused publication briefs)

  • VA/HSR&D Research on Complementary and Integrative Health Therapies within VA
    Funded by HSR&D, this special issue of Medical Care highlights how research on complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies in the VA healthcare system has progressed along the QUERI (Quality Enhancement Research Initiative) Implementation Roadmap – from pre-implementation to implementation to sustainment. CIH approaches are becoming more available throughout VA, due to: 1) increased imple...
    Date: September 1, 2020
  • Many VA Patients Use and are Interested in Learning More about Complementary and Integrated Health Options
    In part to guide the expansion of evidence-based complementary and integrative health (CIH), VA leaders sought current information on Veterans’ interest in and use of various CIH approaches, both inside and outside the VA healthcare system. Thus, investigators in this study analyzed survey results from a large sample of Veterans on their interest in, use of, and satisfactions with 26 CIH approache...
    Date: April 22, 2019
  • Women Veterans with Pain More Likely to Use Complementary and Integrative Therapies
    This study sought to examine complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapy use by gender among Veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain, and variations in gender differences by race/ethnicity and age. Findings showed that of Veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain, more women than men used CIH therapies (36% vs. 26%). Black women, regardless of age, were least likely to use CIH therapies...
    Date: September 1, 2018

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( 5 of more than 2 COMPLEMENTARY AND INTEGRATIVE HEALTH focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 16-262 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health (CHI) Interventions with Opioid Use and Related Risks Among Veterans With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and PTSD Goulet, Joseph 2018-05-01
IIR 16-262 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health (CHI) Interventions with Opioid Use and Related Risks Among Veterans With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) and PTSD Goulet, Joseph 2018-05-01
IIR 15-333 Trial Outcomes for Massage: Caregiver-Assisted vs. Therapist-Treated (TOMCATT) Bair, Matthew 2017-02-01

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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters

5 sample " Complementary and Integrative Health" publications displayed.

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Topic Spotlight Test

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The most recent " Complementary and Integrative Health" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
12/13/2023 Randomized Controlled Trial Results of a Remotely Delivered Complementary-Partnered Intervention to Improve Veteran Pain, PTSD related, and Relationship Outcomes Haun, Jolie  
11/16/2023 Balancing Characteristics of Veterans on Long-term Opioid Therapy Who Used vs. Did Not Use CIH Services Black, Anne  
9/21/2023 Rage Against the Pain: A High-Intensity Stretching Program to Address Chronic Low Back Pain Among Veterans Etingen, Bella  
5/18/2023 Combination of two complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies for improving symptom domains of Gulf War Illness (GWI) – Results from a randomized controlled trial Reinhard, Matthew  
Breneman, Charity  
Allen, Nathaniel  
3/16/2023 Association of Complementary and Integrative Health Interventions with Opioid Use among Veterans with Musculoskeletal Disorders and PTSD Goulet, Joseph  

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Other Resources

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