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Research Topics

Chronic Disease

According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last one year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Among the most common chronic diseases are chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s, certain cancers, and some types of liver disease. While some chronic disease cannot be reversed, many chronic diseases can be prevented entirely by modifying certain lifestyle habits.

VA health services research into chronic disease encompasses many aspects of care including access, delivery, prevention, and quality of life.

Each section below is populated by a search of the HSR website. Search results are generated based on the search term " Chronic Disease". Results are updated as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources


(5 of more than 119 CHRONIC DISEASE focused publications)

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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 18 CHRONIC DISEASE focused publication briefs)

  • Higher Preventive Health Inventory Use Associated with Improved Quality of Care
    This study examined associations between Preventive Health Inventory (PHI) adoption and clinical quality measures at 216 VA primary care clinics nationwide that implemented the PHI and had the highest and lowest PHI use as of February 2021. Findings showed that higher uptake of the PHI was associated with improved quality of diabetes and hypertension care. Compared to the lowest use clinics, the h...
    Date: April 17, 2023
  • Nurse Practitioners as Primary Care Providers May Be a High-Value Solution to Increasing Access to Care for All Veterans
    Investigators in this study assessed patient outcomes between primary care nurse practitioners (NPs) and MDs, including utilization, costs, and quality of care – one year after patient reassignment to a new primary care provider (due to a Veteran’s prior MD PCP leaving VA). Findings showed that compared to Veterans newly assigned to MDs, those newly assigned to NPs were less likely to use primary ...
    Date: April 1, 2020
  • Veteran-Directed Care Adds to Options for Medically Complex Veterans Living in the Community – Without Raising Costs
    One way in which VA facilitates independence and supports caregivers is through the Veteran-Directed Care (VDC) program, part of VA’s Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care Services. VDC enables enrollees to hire family members, friends, or neighbors as paid caregivers and also provides caregiver support, including caregiver training and burden monitoring. This study evaluated the incidence of VA ...
    Date: June 1, 2019
  • VA Geriatric Patient Aligned Care Teams Need Additional Mental Health Integration for Older Veterans
    Geriatric Patient Aligned Care Teams (GeriPACT) provide healthcare for a subset of older Veterans with chronic disease, functional dependency, cognitive decline, and psychosocial challenges. This study examines mental healthcare integration within GeriPACT by describing the role of psychiatrists/psychologists to help inform geriatric mental health policy. Findings showed that mental health integra...
    Date: September 13, 2018
  • More Patient-Aligned Care Team Components Translates to Improved Quality of Care for Veterans with Chronic Disease
    This study examined whether the extent to which clinics had implemented PACT components was associated with improvements in the quality of care for Veterans with chronic conditions over a four year period. Findings showed that over four years concurrent with PACT implementation, primary care clinics with the most PACT components in place had greater improvements in 5 of 7 chronic disease intermedi...
    Date: November 20, 2017

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( 5 of more than 12 CHRONIC DISEASE focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
IIR 11-045 Management of HIV as a Chronic Disease Owens, Douglas 2012-04-01
IIR 11-071 Automating Performance Metrics for Quality Improvement in Complex Chronic Disease Goldstein, Mary 2011-09-01
IIR 07-235 Modeling of Health Care Costs of Veterans with Chronic Diseases Zhou, Xiao-Hua 2009-01-01
IIR 99-001 The Chronic Disease Score in a VA Population Sales, Anne 2000-01-01
SDR 15-197 Evaluation of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Gulf War Illness Simpson, Tracy 2017-04-01

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The most recent " Chronic Disease" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
1/25/2024 A New Equilibrium for Telemedicine & an Evaluation of Concurrent Heart Failure Care Ferguson, Jacqueline  
Ziaeian, Boback  
4/13/2023 Using the Tailored Implementation in Chronic Diseases (TICD) Framework to Design Tailored Implementation Plans: A Methods Cyberseminar Haverhals, Leah  
Magid, Kate  
Kononowech, Jennifer  
11/7/2022 Data-Driven Implementation Mapping for the Selection of Implementation Strategies: Case Example of Bladder Cancer Surveillance Schroeck, Florian  
Ould Ismail, A. Aziz  
Zubkoff, Lisa  
4/5/2021 ESP Evidence Brief: Detection and Treatment of Dental Problems on Chronic Disease Outcomes Veazie, Stephanie  
Parr, Nicholas  
Garrido, Melissa  
5/18/2016 Clinical Quality Indicators among Patients with Mental Illness Following the Implementation of a Patient Centered Medical Home Browne, Kendall  

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Other Resources

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