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Research Topics

Suicide Prevention

Suicide and suicidal ideation can have lasting, harmful effects that impact families and communities. While its causes are complex and determined by multiple factors, the goal of suicide prevention research is to understand and reduce factors that increase risk (i.e. risk factors) and increase factors that promote resilience (i.e. protective factors). VA conducts an array of research into suicide prevention that looks at everything from predictive modeling to substance use disorders to the policy impacts of Veterans’ choice of services.

Each section below is populated by a search of the HSR website. Search results are generated based on the search term "Suicide". Results are updated as new data are available.

VIEW: Citations | Publication Briefs | Studies | HSR Briefs, Reports, Newsletters | Cyberseminars | Videos | Podcasts | Other Resources


(5 of more than 506 SUICIDE focused publications)

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Publication Briefs

(5 of more than 83 SUICIDE focused publication briefs)

  • Veterans with Minimal Documentation of Rationale for High-Risk Flag Inactivation Are More Likely to Attempt Suicide
    In this study, researchers reviewed the medical records of a national sample of Veterans with a recent documented suicide attempt who received a high-risk flag for suicide to categorize provider documentation of the rationale and procedures for high-risk flag inactivation, examine patient and facility characteristics associated with flag inactivation documentation type, and study the association b...
    Date: November 2, 2023
  • Veterans with COVID-19 Have Elevated Rates of Suicide Attempt and Other Self-Directed Violence
    In this study, researchers used electronic health record data to examine associations between suicide attempt and other self-directed violence (SDV) and time since COVID-19 infection in VA patients who were infected between March 1, 2020, and March 31, 2021, and similar but uninfected VA patients. Findings showed that Veterans infected with COVID-19 had a 41% higher risk of a suicide attempt and 3...
    Date: October 26, 2023
  • Suicides Among Post-9/11 Veterans Surged from 2006–2020, Exacerbated by TBI
    This study examined trends in suicide rates from 2006–2020 for Veterans with and without TBI compared to the U.S. adult population. Findings showed that suicide rates among post-9/11 Veterans increased more than 10-fold from 2006–2020, a significantly greater rate of change than in the U.S. adult population. Veterans with TBI had suicide rates 56% higher than Veterans without TBI and three times h...
    Date: August 28, 2023
  • Most Veterans Endorse Clinician-Initiated Firearm Safety Discussions Based on Veteran/Family Member Risk
    This study examined data from the online July-August 2019 National Firearms Survey to assess whether Veteran firearm owners believe clinicians should provide firearm counseling when specific clinical contexts suggest heightened risk of firearm injury to the patient or their family. Findings showed that a large majority (73–88%) of Veteran firearm owners reported that firearm counseling should be d...
    Date: June 29, 2023
  • Most Veterans Support Integration of Standardized Suicide Risk Assessment into Routine Primary Care Visits
    This study sought to characterize VA primary care patients’ perspectives regarding population-based suicide risk screening through the Risk ID program – a multi-stage suicide risk assessment process, which includes initial screening (the focus of this analysis) and subsequent evaluation when indicated (following a positive screen). Findings showed that most Veterans support integration of standard...
    Date: March 20, 2023

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( 5 of more than 53 SUICIDE focused projects )

Project No.  Title  PI  Funding Start   
SDR 22-148 Incentivizing Lethal Means Safety Among Veterans at Risk for Suicide Khazanov, Gabriela 2024-03-01
SDR 22-185 A Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Trial of Treatments for Veterans with PTSD at Elevated Acute Risk for Suicide Harned, Melanie 2023-09-01
IIR 21-218 Serving All Who Have Served: Enhancing Suicide-Related Care Quality for Black, Indigenous, and People of Color Veterans Chen, Jason 2023-05-01
SDR 21-046 Exposure to Suicide Among Post 9/11 Veterans: Prevalence, Correlates and Treatment Needs Sayer, Nina 2022-07-01
SDR 20-136 A Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Multisite Trial of a Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Group for Veterans at High-Risk for Suicide Attempt Decker, Suzanne 2021-11-01

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The most recent "Suicide" seminars are displayed.

Date Title Presenter(s)
3/12/2024 Suicide Mortality in Vietnam War-Era Veterans: 41 Years of Follow Up Schneiderman, Aaron  
Weitlauf, Julie  
3/6/2024 VA/STARRS-LS Researcher-in-Residence program: Updates from two suicide prevention projects Edwards, Emily  
Houtsma, Claire  
2/29/2024 Emerging Evidence on Eating Disorders Research: A Focus on Women Veterans Dognin, Discussant: Joanna  
Mitchell, Karen  
Masheb, Robin  
Strauss, Discussant: Jennifer  
12/14/2023 Translating Market and Business Analytic Tools to Health Services: Using Empathy Maps and SWOT Analysis for Understanding Diverse Perspectives in Suicide Prevention Research Johnson, Nicole  
Van Tiem, Jen  
12/13/2023 TBI and Suicide Risk: Accumulation of Risk Over Time and Strategies for Prevention Klyce, Daniel  
Pugh, Mary Jo  
Brenner, Lisa  

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Other Resources

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