Cancer Care and Prevention
Cancer occurs when some of the body’s cells divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Malfunctioning genes trigger the formation of cancer cells, and those malfunctions may be inherited, or may arise as a result of damage to DNA caused by certain environmental exposures—including chemicals or ultraviolet radiation. Cancer screenings are a key preventive care measure, and can help detect cancer in its early stages—which can contribute to early treatment, increased survival rates, and better health outcomes.
VA conducts cancer research to help better understand how Veterans’ military experience may impact the development of certain cancers; how lifestyle choices known to cause cancer—such as tobacco use—may disproportionately impact them; and to build the evidence-base for effective, appropriate cancer screening tests and tools.
Each "widget" below is populated by a dynamic search of the HSR&D website and its underlying databases. Search results are generated based on the search term "Cancer". Results are updated regularly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 3422 CANCER focused publications)
- Parikh RB, Zhang Y, Kolla L, Chivers C, Courtright KR, Zhu J, Navathe AS, Chen J. Performance drift in a mortality prediction algorithm among patients with cancer during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA. 2023 Jan 18; 30(2):348-354.
- Manz CR, Zhang Y, Chen K, Long Q, Small DS, Evans CN, Chivers C, Regli SH, Hanson CW, Bekelman JE, Braun J, Rareshide CAL, O'Connor N, Kumar P, Schuchter LM, Shulman LN, Patel MS, Parikh RB. Long-term Effect of Machine Learning-Triggered Behavioral Nudges on Serious Illness Conversations and End-of-Life Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA oncology. 2023 Jan 12.
- Bagautdinova D, Wang S, Brito JP, Bylund CL, Edwards C, Silver N, Danan D, Treise D, Maraka S, Hargraves I, Singh Ospina N. Thyroid Cancer Risk Communication in Patients with Thyroid Nodules. Journal of Cancer Education : The Official Journal of The American Association For Cancer Education. 2023 Jan 5; doi.org/10.1007/s13187-022-02253-w.
- Hayes CJ, Gannon MA, Woodward EN, Long CR, George M, Ray-Griffith S, Tobey LR, Goree J. Implementation and Preliminary Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Telemedicine Pilot Initiative for Patients with Chronic Non-Cancer Pain in Rural and Underserved Areas at a Major Academic Medical Center. Journal of pain research. 2023 Jan 5; 16:doi.org/10.1007/s13187-022-02253-w.
- Gaffey AE, Han L, Ramsey CM, Skanderson M, Dziura J, Driscoll M, Burg MM, Brandt CA, Bastian LA, Haskell SG. Post-9/11 deployment history and the incidence of breast cancer among women veterans. Annals of epidemiology. 2023 Jan 1; 77:98-102.
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(5 of more than 91 CANCER focused publication briefs)
- Factors Associated with Refusal of Lung Cancer Screening When Offered by VA Physicians
This study sought to determine how frequently patients decline lung cancer screening (LCS) when it is offered by a physician – and to define patient and facility-level factors associated with their decision. Findings showed that in this study cohort of more than 43,200 Veterans, approximately one-third declined lung cancer screening following a discussion with their physician. The physician and fa...
Date: August 16, 2022
- Excess Mortality Rates among Post-9/11 Veterans Compared with General US Population, Particularly among Veterans with TBI
This study sought to assess the total all-cause and cause-specific mortality burden – and to estimate the total number of excess deaths among post-9/11 Veterans with and without exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with the total US population. Findings showed that post-9/11 Veterans experienced excess all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with the total US population, which...
Date: February 11, 2022
- Low-Value Prostate Cancer Screenings Common in VA; Low-Value Breast, Cervical, Colorectal Screening Rare
This study sought to describe the prevalence and association of multilevel factors, including key patient-centered medical home (PCMH) domains, with four common low-value cancer screenings (breast, cervical, colorectal, and prostate) within the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that low-value prostate cancer screenings were common, although low-value breast, cervical, and colorectal testing wa...
Date: October 22, 2021
- Fewer than Two-Thirds of Veterans Receive Timely Lung Cancer Screening Follow-Up
This retrospective cohort study sought to determine adherence to recommended next steps (i.e., annual screening or evaluation of screen-detected findings) in a national cohort of Veterans screened for lung cancer – and to identify factors associated with delayed or absent follow-up. Findings showed that less than two-thirds of Veterans received timely recommended follow-up after an initial lung ca...
Date: July 8, 2021
- Racial Differences in Conservative Management of Low- to Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer among Veterans
This study sought to determine whether there are any racial differences in the receipt and duration of conservative management among Veterans treated in the VA healthcare system. Findings showed that African American Veterans were slightly less likely to receive conservative management than White Veterans with localized prostate cancer. Further, among patients receiving conservative management, Af...
Date: September 28, 2020
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( 5 of more than 88 CANCER focused projects
|| Patient Risk Perception and Decision-Making about Adherence to Repeat Cancer Screening
|| Identifying Risk Factors for New Persistent Opioid Use Among Veterans Following Treatment for Early Stage Cancer
|| Defining Quality of Care in Lung Cancer
|| Implementing Risk-aligned Bladder Cancer Surveillance
|| Imaging Surveillance After Lung Cancer Treatment
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
5 sample "Cancer" publications displayed.
Improving Cancer Care || In Progress
...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care Overview Individual Research Studies on Cancer Multilevel...Hepatocellular Cancer Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain
Overview: Improving Cancer Care || In Progress
...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Improving Cancer Care Overview Cancer is...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of
Incorporating Veterans' Preferences into Lung Cancer Screening Decisions || In Progress
...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...February 2018 In this Issue: Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Incorporating...Incorporating Veterans’ Preferences into Lung Cancer Screening Decisions Feature Article
Helping Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain Management || In Progress
...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...February 2018 In this Issue: Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Helping Optimize...Optimize Information for Cancer and Effective Pain Management Feature Article
Palliative Care Intervention for Newly Diagnosed VA Outpatients with Lung Cancer || In Progress
...Cancer is soon expected to be the leading cause of death in the United States...million people are diagnosed with cancer and more than 500,000 people die of...February 2018 In this Issue: Improving Cancer Care » Table of Contents Palliative...Diagnosed VA Outpatients with Lung Cancer Feature Article Palliative care improves
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The most recent "Cancer" seminars are displayed.
Precision Oncology for Veterans with Lung Cancer: Work in Progress
|| Wu, Julie
Data-Driven Implementation Mapping for the Selection of Implementation Strategies: Case Example of Bladder Cancer Surveillance
|| Schroeck, Florian
Ould Ismail, A. Aziz
Cervical Cancer Screening in VA: Unique individual and health system challenges
|| Haskell, Sally
Low-value Cancer Screenings in the Veterans Health Administration: Rates and Factors Associated with Overuse of Breast, Cervical, Colorectal, and Prostate Cancer Testing
|| Schuttner, Linnaea
Robot-assisted Surgery for Esophageal Cancer: Analysis of Short- and Long-term Outcomes
|| Mederos, Michael
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