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A historical study of appendicular fractures in veterans with traumatic chronic spinal cord injury: 2002-2007.
Bethel M, Bailey L, Weaver F, Harmon RL, Priebe MM, Le B, Aslam H, Fausel Z, Hoenig H, Carbone LD. A historical study of appendicular fractures in veterans with traumatic chronic spinal cord injury: 2002-2007. The journal of spinal cord medicine. 2016 Nov 1; 39(6):686-692.
Describe the incidence and distribution of appendicular fractures in a cohort of veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI).
Retrospective, observational study of fractures in veterans with a chronic traumatic SCI.
The Veterans Health Administration (VA) healthcare system.
Veterans included in the VA Spinal Cord Dysfunction Registry from Fiscal Years (FY) FY2002-FY2007.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Description of fractures by site and number. Mortality at one year following incident fracture among men with single vs. multiple fractures.
Male and female veterans sustained incident fractures with similar observed frequency (10.5% vs 11.5%). The majority of fractures occurred in the lower extremities for both men and women. In men, a complete extent of injury (compared to incomplete) was associated with 41% greater relative risk (RR) of incident fracture (RR 1.41, 95% confidence interval [1.17, 1.70]) among those with tetraplegia, but not paraplegia. Furthermore, many men (33.9%, n? = 434) sustained multiple fractures over the course of the study. There were no differences in mortality between men who sustained a single fracture and those who had multiple fractures.
The extent of injury may be an important predictor of fracture risk for male veterans with tetraplegia. Once a fracture occurs, male veterans with SCI appear to be at high risk for additional fractures.