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A Qualitative Study of Barriers to the Utilization of HIV Testing Services Among Rural African American Cocaine Users.
Wright PB, Stewart KE, Curran GM, Booth BM. A Qualitative Study of Barriers to the Utilization of HIV Testing Services Among Rural African American Cocaine Users. Journal of drug issues. 2013 Jul 1; 43(3):314-334.
This qualitative study is about barriers to the utilization of HIV testing as perceived by African Americans who have recently used cocaine and who live in the rural Delta region of Arkansas. Affordability, physical accessibility, and geographic availability were not perceived as barriers to HIV testing in this sample, yet acceptability was still perceived as poor. Acceptability due to social mores and norms was a major barrier. Many said testing was unacceptable because of fear of social costs. Many were confident of being HIV-negative based on risky assumptions about testing and the notification process. Small-town social and sexual networks added to concerns about reputation and risk. System approaches may fail if they focus solely on improving access to HIV services but do not take into consideration deeply internalized experiences of rural African Americans as well as involvement of the community in developing programs and services.