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Systematic review of the effects of religion-accommodative psychotherapy for depression and anxiety

Paukert AL, Phillips LL, Cully JA, Romero C, Stanley MA. Systematic review of the effects of religion-accommodative psychotherapy for depression and anxiety. Journal of contemporary psychotherapy. 2011 Jun 1; 41(2):99-108.

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Integrating religion into psychotherapy may improve treatment for depression and anxiety. This review systematically examines clinical trials of religion-accommodative psychotherapy for depression or anxiety. Results indicate that integrating religion into psychotherapy does not lead to significantly more improvements in depression or anxiety than equivalent therapy without religious components. However, when compared with less stringent control groups, such as supportive psychotherapy, religion-accommodative therapy may be more effective, at least immediately post-treatment. Results from the 11 studies reviewed indicate that psychotherapy integrating religion is at least as effective for treating depression and anxiety as other forms of psychotherapy. Conclusions were limited by lack of power, comparable control groups, focus on anxiety, and treatment manuals.

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