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Identifying Quality Indicators for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia: A Modified Delphi Method.

Burgess JG, Maust DT, Myron Chang MU, Zivin K, Gerlach LB. Identifying Quality Indicators for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia: A Modified Delphi Method. Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology. 2023 Mar 1; 36(2):164-170.

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BACKGROUND: We convened a two-round, modified Delphi panel to identify and reach consensus on additional potential quality indicators (QIs) for nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: The study team identified 12 potential QIs for nursing home dementia care and treatment of behavioral disturbances based on review of the literature. All proposed QIs were readily available in administrative claims data. Panelists rated each QI on importance, usefulness, and feasibility (a total of 36 items) using a 9-point Likert scale. Data were collected using an online survey platform and virtual group discussion. We defined consensus as = 70% of the panelists responding within a three-point range surrounding the median. A QI achieved relevance on a domain (importance, usefulness, feasibility) when the panel reached consensus and a median rating of 7-9. RESULTS: The study had a 100% response rate for both survey rounds. Twenty-four items achieved consensus, with 15 reaching relevance with a median > 7. Three QIs (percent of long-stay residents with dementia prescribed APs, percent with physical restraint use, and percent with a positive behavioral symptom score) reached consensus at the highest median score (9) for importance. Only 2 of the 12 proposed QIs reached relevance on all three domains: percent of long-stay residents with dementia prescribed antipsychotics (APs) and percent prescribed benzodiazepines. CONCLUSIONS: Of the proposed QIs, our panel of dementia care experts only reached consensus on two QIs: measuring long-stay resident prescriptions of APs and benzodiazepines. Challenges remain in identifying QIs that meet threshold of all three areas and accurately reflect quality nursing home dementia care.

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