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Fabius CD, Cornell PY, Zhang W, Thomas KS. State Medicaid Financing and Access to Large Assisted Living Settings for Medicare-Medicaid Dual-Eligibles. Medical care research and review : MCRR. 2022 Feb 1; 79(1):69-77.
Assisted living has become more widely used by dual-eligible Medicare beneficiaries as states try to rebalance their long-term services and supports away from institutional (nursing home) care. In an analysis of 2014 Medicare data for 506,193 adults who live in large (25+ beds) assisted living communities, we found wide variability among states in the share of assisted living residents who were dual-eligible, ranging from 6% in New Hampshire to over 40% in New York. This variation is strongly correlated with the Medicaid support for assisted living care: In states with a Medicaid state plan option covering services in assisted living or both a state plan and waiver, the percent of assisted living residents with dual-eligibility was more than 10 percentage points higher than in states with neither a state plan nor waiver. Findings provide a basis for understanding the role of Medicaid financing in access to assisted living for duals.