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Melnyk BM, Hsieh AP, Tan A, Gawlik KS, Hacker ED, Ferrell D, Simpson V, Burda C, Hagerty B, Scott LD, Holt JM, Gampetro P, Farag A, Glogocheski S, Badzek L. The state of mental health and healthy lifestyle behaviors in nursing, medicine and health sciences faculty and students at Big 10 Universities with implications for action. Journal of professional nursing : official journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. 2021 Nov 1; 37(6):1167-1174.
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health conditions and poor healthy lifestyle behaviors are reported in nurses, other clinicians, and health science students but have not been compared across different professions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was threefold: (1) describe rates of mental health problems and healthy lifestyle behaviors across the Big 10 health professional faculty and students, (2) compare the health and healthy lifestyle behaviors of the Big 10 health sciences faculty and students across health sciences'' professions, and (3) identify factors predictive of depression, stress, and anxiety. METHODS: Faculty and students from eight health science colleges at the Big 10 Universities responded to the study survey, which included: demographics, healthy lifestyle behavior questions, and three valid/reliable mental health scales. Descriptive statistics described the findings and multiple linear regression identified factors associated with mental health conditions. RESULTS: Eight-hundred and sixty-nine faculty and 1087 students responded. Approximately 50% of faculty and students reported 7 h of sleep/night, a third achieved 150 min of physical activity/week; 5.5%-9.9% screened positive for depression; and 11.5%-25.5% had anxiety. Age, sleep, and physical activity were associated with lower depression and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: University leadership must build wellness cultures that make healthy lifestyle behaviors easy to engage in and enhance mental well-being.