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Comparing Tenant and Neighborhood Characteristics of the VA's Project- vs. Tenant-Based Supportive Housing Program in Los Angeles County.
Chinchilla M, Gabrielian S, Horan WP, Glasmeier A, Hellemann G, Wynn JK, Capone-Newton P, Green MF. Comparing Tenant and Neighborhood Characteristics of the VA's Project- vs. Tenant-Based Supportive Housing Program in Los Angeles County. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2019 Jan 1; 30(4):1373-1393.
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)-Veteran Administration Supportive Housing (VASH) program uses project- and tenant-based vouchers to provide permanent supportive housing for homeless Veterans. We compared Veteran characteristics, health service utilization, and neighborhood characteristics between HUD-VASH participants with project-based (n = 114) vs. tenant-based (n = 978) vouchers. We found that project-based voucher holders were older and more ill than tenant-based voucher holders. Project-based vouchers were also associated with higher-quality neighborhoods and higher rates of health service utilization than tenant-based vouchers. With the limited availability of project-based vouchers, juxtaposed with the increased service use and better neighborhood quality with this voucher type, our findings suggest a need to think strategically about how best to allocate housing vouchers to meet homeless Veteran's needs.