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Giannitrapani KF, Leung L, Huynh AK, Stockdale SE, Rose D, Needleman J, Yano EM, Meredith L, Rubenstein LV. Interprofessional training and team function in patient-centred medical home: Findings from a mixed method study of interdisciplinary provider perspectives. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2018 Nov 1; 32(6):735-744.
Transitioning from profession-specific to interprofessional (IP) models of care requires major change. The Veterans Assessment and Improvement Laboratory (VAIL), is an initiative based in the United States that supports and evaluates the Veterans Health Administration's (VAs) transition of its primary care practices to an IP team based patient-centred medical home (PCMH) care model. We postulated that modifiable primary care practice organizational climate factors impact PCMH implementation. VAIL administered a survey to 322 IP team members in primary care practices in one VA administrative region during early implementation of the PCMH and interviewed 79 representative team members. We used convergent mixed methods to study modifiable organizational climate factors in relationship to IP team functioning. We found that leadership support and job satisfaction were significantly positively associated with team functioning. We saw no association between team functioning and either role readiness or team training. Qualitative interview data confirmed survey findings and explained why the association with IP team training might be absent. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate the importance of leadership support and individual job satisfaction in producing highly functioning PCMH teams. Based on qualitative findings, we hypothesize interprofessional training is important, however, inconsistencies in IP training delivery compromise its potential benefit. Future implementation efforts should improve standardization of training process and train team members together. Interprofessional leadership coordination of interprofessional training is warranted.