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User-centered design of discharge warnings tool for colorectal surgery patients.

Naik AD, Horstman MJ, Li LT, Paasche-Orlow MK, Campbell B, Mills WL, Herman LI, Anaya DA, Trautner BW, Berger DH. User-centered design of discharge warnings tool for colorectal surgery patients. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA. 2017 Sep 1; 24(5):975-980.

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Abstract:

Objectives: Readmission following colorectal surgery, typically due to surgery-related complications, is common. Patient-centered discharge warnings may guide recognition of early complication signs after colorectal surgery. Materials and Methods: User-centered design of a discharge warnings tool consisted of iterative health literacy review and a heuristic evaluation with human factors and clinical experts as well as patient end users to establish content validity and usability. Results: Literacy evaluation of the prototype suggested? > 12th-grade reading level. Subsequent revisions reduced reading level to 8th grade or below. Contents were formatted during heuristic evaluation into 3 action-oriented zones (green, yellow, and red) with relevant warning lexicons. Usability testing demonstrated comprehension of this 3-level lexicon and recognition of appropriate patient actions to take for each level. Discussion: We developed a discharge warnings tool for colorectal surgery using staged user-centered design. The lexicon of surgical discharge warnings could structure communication among patients, caregivers, and clinicians to improve post-discharge care.





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