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Validation of a tool predicting important findings on computed tomography among Crohn's disease patients.
Govani SM, Waljee AK, Kocher KE, Swoger JM, Saul M, Higgins PD. Validation of a tool predicting important findings on computed tomography among Crohn's disease patients. United European gastroenterology journal. 2017 Mar 1; 5(2):270-275.
Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are frequently subjected to computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department (ED). This young population is at higher risk of malignancy from radiation exposure.
We aimed to validate a decision tool predicting complications (perforation, abscess or other serious finding) on imaging at two sites.
We conducted a retrospective review of CT outcomes among patients with CD with ED visits at two tertiary care centers. Inclusion criteria were a CT of the abdomen/pelvis with contrast and complete lab data (erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP)) within 24 hours of arrival at the University of Michigan (UM) (2012-2013) and the University of Pittsburgh (UPMC) (2009-2012). Sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV), miss rate and CT avoidance rate were calculated.
At UPMC (n? = 210), the tool had a sensitivity of 88.9% and NPV of 98.0%, potentially saving 47.1% from CT with a miss rate of 1.0%. At UM (n? = 248), the tool had a sensitivity of 90.9% and NPV of 96.0%, saving 40.3% from CT with a miss rate of 1.6%.
A decision tool using CRP and ESR predicting CT outcomes among CD patients performed well in an external validation, allowing providers to forgo CT use with a low miss rate.