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PPO 22-004 – HSR Study

PPO 22-004
Recovery Bridge: A Peer Facilitated Intervention to help bridge the transition from psychiatric inpatient hospitalized to living in the community
Richard W Goldberg, PhD
Baltimore VA Medical Center VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD
Baltimore, MD
Funding Period: August 2023 - January 2025


Background: The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalization is a high-risk period and has been associated with a range of negative outcomes, including high rates of hospital readmission and suicide (1). Because the evidence for transitional discharge interventions with bridging components is mixed and limited in terms of how Peer Specialists (PS) can help support such interventions, additional research is needed. Our proposal calls for the development and preliminary evaluation of a PS facilitated technology-supported intervention based on the existing and frequently used My Recovery Plan program. However, to date, no studies have examined use of this tool to improve post-hospital discharge outcomes. Given the importance of the problem for the VA, and the fact that the VA has both a large PS infrastructure that is valued by both professional providers and Veterans, our work offers sound justification and the unique opportunity to test the proposed intervention in a single integrated system of inpatient and outpatient services. Significance: The significance of this project lies in its ability to actively address an important gap in the research, namely PS interventions focused on reducing readmission and supporting recovery-oriented outcomes in Veterans. Further relating to important HSR&D priorities the project is designed to advance scientific knowledge and clinical practice in the areas of access to care, mental health, and suicide prevention. Innovation and Impact: A key innovation of the proposed research is the potential to efficiently optimize existing resources to target the widespread challenges associated with transitioning out of acute inpatient settings and effectively connect Veterans to preferred services (in this case peer support) in order to prevent re-admission, and improve utilization of VA outpatient mental health services. Finally, in relationship to impact, Recovery Bridge has potential to result in improvement across multiple clinical and functional outcomes that are applicable to a broad Veteran population (rather than only in small select diagnostically specific subpopulations). Specific Aim 1: Integrate the My Recovery Plan tool and existing PS tools and strategies to develop a manualized intervention called Recovery Bridge for use by VA PS working to help Veterans make the transition from acute inpatient psychiatric hospitalization to community living. Specific Aim 2: Complete an open pilot trial (n=15) to examine the feasibility, fidelity, and acceptability of the Recovery Bridge intervention in relation to well specified benchmarks supporting continued and expanded investigation. [Specific Aim 3: As part of the open pilot trial: 1) explore the impact of the intervention on readmission rates (at 30 and 90 days), and connection to outpatient care compared to a control group (n=15) identified from administrative data, and; 2) explore the change in recovery and Quality of Life measures over time in the intervention participants]. Methodology: Source documents described in the proposal will be used to create the Recovery Bridge intervention (as Specified in Aim 1). Quantitative, qualitative, and administrative services data we will be used to complete an open trial of the intervention (as specified in Aim 2 and Aim 3). Next Steps: Benchmarks across the domains of feasibility, fidelity, and acceptability; as well as exploratory outcomes specified in Aim 3, will be used to inform next steps including a larger effectiveness trial followed by a possible hybrid-I effectiveness/implementation trial to inform future dissemination and implementation of the intervention more broadly across the VA.

External Links for this Project

NIH Reporter

Grant Number: I21HX003618-01A1

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None at this time.

DRA: Mental, Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders
DRE: Prevention, TRL - Applied/Translational
Keywords: Utilization
MeSH Terms: None at this time.

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