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Epidemiology of hypertension in the elderly with chronic kidney disease.

Fischer MJ, O'Hare AM. Epidemiology of hypertension in the elderly with chronic kidney disease. Advances in chronic kidney disease. 2010 Jul 1; 17(4):329-40.

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As the population of the United States ages, the prevalence of age-related chronic conditions such as hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) will also increase. Available studies in nationally representative samples and select outpatient populations indicate that hypertension is very common in older adults with CKD, and despite the use of medication it is often poorly controlled. Generally, less than one-third of the elderly patients with CKD achieve a level of blood pressure control consistent with that of the current guideline recommendations. However, limited evidence is available from observational studies and clinical trials to inform management of hypertension in the elderly population with CKD. The available published data suggest that the relationship between clinical outcomes and the treatment of hypertension among older adults with CKD is complex and distinct from that of their younger counterparts. Larger and more robust analyses are needed for a better understanding of the association between hypertension, its treatment, and clinical events in elderly patients with CKD.

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