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The Everyday Ageism Scale: Development and Evaluation.
Allen JO, Solway E, Kirch M, Singer D, Kullgren JT, Malani PN. The Everyday Ageism Scale: Development and Evaluation. Journal of aging and health. 2022 Mar 1; 34(2):147-157.
Older adults regularly encounter age-based discrimination and stereotyping in their day-to-day lives. Whether this type of routine ageism negatively affects their health and well-being is unclear, in part due to the absence of validated scales that comprehensively measure this phenomenon and distinguish it from other sources of everyday discrimination.
This study describes the development of a novel scale, the Everyday Ageism Scale, and its psychometric evaluation using a nationally representative sample of US adults age 50-80 from the December 2019 National Poll on Healthy Aging ( = 2012).
Exploratory factor analysis indicated a 3-factor structure comprised of ageist messages, ageism in interpersonal interactions, and internalized ageism. The ten-item scale was psychometrically sound and demonstrated good internal reliability.
Everyday ageism is a multidimensional construct. Preliminary evaluation of the Everyday Ageism Scale suggests its utility in future studies examining the prevalence of everyday ageism and its relationships with health.