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Determinants of the treatment climate in psychiatric and substance abuse programs: implications for improving patient outcomes.
Timko C, Moos RH. Determinants of the treatment climate in psychiatric and substance abuse programs: implications for improving patient outcomes. The Journal of nervous and mental disease. 1998 Feb 1; 186(2):96-103.
This study examined determinants of the treatment climate in 89 psychiatric and substance abuse programs. Clearer policies giving patients more control, and more health and treatment services, were related to more supportive, autonomous, expressive, and practically oriented milieus. In contrast, more policy choice and daily living assistance were associated with less support, personal expression, and practical orientation. Programs in which staff had more paraprofessionals and better team functioning, and in which patients had more social resources and better mental functioning, tended to be more supportive and to have more emphasis on autonomy, personal expression, and practical orientation. Based on these results, we suggest some guidelines on how to change the treatment milieu to benefit patients' adjustment.