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Health Services Research & Development

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CDA 22-092 – HSR&D Study

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CDA 22-092
Optimizing Transitions for Dual-Use Veterans Living with Dementia followingHospitalization in the Community
Roman Ayele PhD
Aurora, CO
Funding Period: January 2023 - December 2027


Background: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) mandated expanded community care services for Veterans with the VA Maintaining Systems & Strengthening Integrated outside Networks (MISSION) Act of 2018. As a result, the VA has increasingly partnered with community-based facilities and growing number of Veterans Living with Dementia (VLWD) will receive community and VA care (dual-users). However, there are gaps in care for dual-use Veterans, including increased hospitalization and fragmented care. Significance/Impact: Understanding community care for dual-use Veteran health outcomes, care quality, and safety is crucial and provides objective measures of MISSION Act. My CDA is significant for its potential to uncover current transitional care gaps, while creating an adaptable, pragmatic intervention aimed at reducing adverse outcomes for VLWD. Innovation: My CDA uses mixed methods to inform the identification of adverse transitional outcomes among VLWD and the adaptation of a pilot intervention. The VA is undergoing a major transformation due to the MISSION Act. My CDA research is innovative in assessing community care for VLWD, is the first to assess outcomes for VLWD in the MISSION Act era and inform adapted pilot intervention. The methods developed and applied in this CDA will provide a roadmap for evaluating and comparing outcomes across care settings while also identifying barriers and facilitators to transitions in care. Specific Aims Aim 1: Understand health care utilization patterns and associated outcomes of dual-use VLWD. Aim 2: Understand preferences and transitional care needs of dual-use VLWD, their care partners, and clinicians through qualitative interviews. Aim 3: Adapt and pilot test an evidence-based transitional care model to improve transitional care outcomes for VLWD following ED visit and/or hospitalization. This work has the support of the VA offices of Geriatrics and Extended Care, community care and emergency medicine and aligns with VA priority-- research focused on national legislative priorities affecting Veteran care, notably the MISSION Act. Methodology: We will use a mixed methods sequential quantitative-to-qualitative design. First, we will perform a quantitative study of dual-use VLWD to understand factors that contribute to adverse outcomes (30-day re- hospitalizations, 30-day ED readmissions and mortality within 30 days of hospital discharge). Second, we will perform a qualitative study of dual-use VLWD (n = 25), their family caregivers (n = 25) and their clinicians (n = 25) to identify transitional care priorities and needs. Third, we will use findings from Aims 1 and 2 to adapt and pilot an intervention aimed at reducing adverse outcomes of VLWD. Using mixed-methods, we will test the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. Next steps: This CDA findings will be the basis for future work to study the effectiveness and impact on Veteran outcomes.

NIH Reporter Project Information:

None at this time.

DRA: Mental, Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders, Aging, Older Veterans' Health and Care, Health Systems
DRE: Technology Development and Assessment, TRL - Development
Keywords: Career Development
MeSH Terms: None at this time.

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