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Racial and Ethnic Minority Concentration in Veterans Affairs Facilities and Delivery of Patient-Centered Primary Care.

Hausmann LRM, Canamucio A, Gao S, Jones AL, Keddem S, Long JA, Werner R. Racial and Ethnic Minority Concentration in Veterans Affairs Facilities and Delivery of Patient-Centered Primary Care. Population health management. 2017 Jun 1; 20(3):189-198.

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Abstract:

Despite patient-centered medical home implementation by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), delivery of patient-centered care varies across VHA facilities. Facility characteristics underlying this variation are not fully understood. This study used administrative data from 908 VHA outpatient facilities to examine the association of racial and ethnic minority patient concentration and other facility characteristics with facility ratings of patient-centered care. The primary finding was that patient-centered ratings were lower for facilities with medium or high concentrations of Hispanic patients (medium: estimate [Est]? = -0.40, standard error [SE]? = 0.20, P? = 0.046; high: Est? = -0.99, SE? = 0.23, P? < 0.001). In addition, patient-centered ratings decreased as patient panel sizes increased, especially among facilities with higher concentrations of black patients. This study indicates that efforts to improve patient-centered care may be needed at VHA facilities that serve Hispanic and VHA facilities with large panel sizes of high concentrations of black patients.





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