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Symptom burden and information needs in prostate cancer survivors: a case for tailored long-term survivorship care.

Bernat JK, Wittman DA, Hawley ST, Hamstra DA, Helfand AM, Haggstrom DA, Darwish-Yassine M, Skolarus TA. Symptom burden and information needs in prostate cancer survivors: a case for tailored long-term survivorship care. BJU international. 2016 Sep 1; 118(3):372-8.

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between long-term prostate cancer survivors' symptom burden and information needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used population-based data from the Michigan Prostate Cancer Survivor Study (2499 men). We examined unadjusted differences in long-term information needs according to symptom burden and performed multivariable logistic regression to examine symptom burden and information needs adjusting for patient characteristics. RESULTS: High symptom burden was reported across all domains (sexual 44.4%, urinary 14.4%, vitality 12.7%, bowel 8.4%, emotional 7.6%) with over half of respondents (56%) reporting they needed more information. Top information needs involved recurrence, relationships, and long-term effects. Prostate cancer survivors with high symptom burden more often searched for information regardless of domain (P < 0.05). High sexual burden was associated with greater need for information about relationships [odds ratio (OR) 2.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.54-2.72] and long-term effects (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.23-2.07). High bowel burden was associated with greater information need for long-term effects (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.43-3.63). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term prostate cancer survivors with high symptom burden need more supportive information. Tailoring information to these needs may be an efficient approach to support the growing population of long-term prostate cancer survivors.

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