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Padek M, Colditz G, Dobbins M, Koscielniak N, Proctor EK, Sales AE, Brownson RC. Developing educational competencies for dissemination and implementation research training programs: an exploratory analysis using card sorts. Implementation science : IS. 2015 Aug 12; 10:114.
BACKGROUND: With demand increasing for dissemination and implementation (DandI) training programs in the USA and other countries, more structured, competency-based, and tested curricula are needed to guide training programs. There are many benefits to the use of competencies in practice-based education such as the establishment of rigorous standards as well as providing an additional metrics for development and growth. As the first aim of a DandI training grant, an exploratory study was conducted to establish a new set of DandI competencies to guide training in DandI research. METHODS: Based upon existing DandI training literature, the leadership team compiled an initial list of competencies. The research team then engaged 16 additional colleagues in the area of DandI science to provide suggestions to the initial list. The competency list was then additionally narrowed to 43 unique competencies following feedback elicited from these DandI researchers. Three hundred additional DandI researchers were then invited via email to complete a card sort in which the list of competencies were sorted into three categories of experience levels. Participants had previous first-hand experience with DandI or knowledge translation training programs in the past. Participants reported their self-identified DandI expertise level as well as the country in which their home institution is located. A mean score was calculated for each competency based on their experience level categorization. From these mean scores, beginner-, intermediate-, and advanced-level tertiles were created for the competencies. RESULTS: The card sort request achieved a 41 % response rate (n? = 124). The list of 43 competencies was organized into four broad domains and sorted based on their experience level score. Eleven competencies were classified into the "Beginner" category, 27 into "Intermediate," and 5 into "Advanced." CONCLUSIONS: Education and training developers can use this competency list to formalize future trainings in DandI research, create more evidence-informed curricula, and enable overall capacity building and accompanying metrics in the field of DandI training and research.