Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Individual and contextual correlates of physical activity among a clinical sample of United States Veterans.

Hoerster KD, Millstein RA, Hall KS, Gray KE, Reiber GE, Nelson KM, Saelens BE. Individual and contextual correlates of physical activity among a clinical sample of United States Veterans. Social science & medicine (1982). 2015 Oct 1; 142:100-8.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

RATIONALE: Veterans, especially those using U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare, have poorer health than the general population. In addition, Veterans using VA services are more likely than non-VA users to be physically inactive. Little is known about physical activity correlates among Veterans. To identify targets for health promotion interventions, understanding barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in this population is critical. METHODS: This study examined individual-, social-, and perceived neighborhood-level associations of meeting weekly physical activity recommendations (150 min/week of combined leisure and transportation activity) based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) among N = 717 patients from VA Puget Sound, Seattle Division using a mailed survey sent 2012-2013 (response rate = 40%). Independent associations were identified with direct estimation of relative risks using generalized linear models (dichotomous outcome), and linear regression (continuous outcome), including variables associated in bivariate tests (p < .05). RESULTS: Most participants were male, Caucasian, and unemployed, and had an annual income = $40,000. Over two-thirds (69.9%) reported meeting physical activity recommendations. Fewer days of limitations due to physical or mental health (Relative Risk (RR) = 0.99 per day; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 0.98, 0.99; p = .01), others doing physical activity with the Veteran (RR = 1.18; 95% CI = 1.04, 1.33; p = .01), receiving ideas from others regarding physical activity (RR = 1.14; 95% CI = 1.01, 1.29; p = .03) and better perceived neighborhood aesthetics (RR = 1.14; 95% CI = 1.06, 1.24; p = .001) were associated with meeting physical activity recommendations. Findings were comparable for total weekly physical activity, but lower depression symptom severity was also associated with increased physical activity. CONCLUSION: This study identified individual and contextual correlates of physical activity among VA-using Veterans. Targeting these factors will be important in promoting physical activity in order to address the disproportionate disease burden facing U.S. Veterans. Existing VA interventions targeting physical activity may need to be adapted to account for the influence of contextual factors.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.