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Koo KH, Tiet QQ, Rosen CS. Relationships between racial/ethnic minority status, therapeutic alliance, and treatment expectancies among veterans with PTSD. Psychological Services. 2016 Aug 1; 13(3):317-21.
Our objective was to examine the relationships between veterans' racial/ethnic minority status, components of therapeutic alliance (bond, tasks, and goals) with former outpatient providers, and expectancies for Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) residential treatment. Veterans (N = 819; 37% minority, 63% White) completed surveys at intake into VA PTSD residential treatment programs. As hypothesized, racial/ethnic minority status was related to weaker overall alliance, therapeutic bond, and goal agreement with former outpatient provider. Alliance with former provider was also associated with expectancies for residential treatment. After controlling for other variables, task agreement (not therapeutic bond) and racial/ethnic minority status were linked to higher expectancies. However, effect sizes were small. Thus, we found little evidence of clinically significant differences by racial/ethnic minority status on expectancies of VA PTSD residential treatment. Future research should investigate these relationships among veterans with PTSD not admitted to VA PTSD residential treatment and in other treatment settings, as well as nonveteran racial/ethnic minorities with PTSD. (PsycINFO Database Record