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Shah NN, Kucharczuk CR, Mitra N, Hirsh R, Svoboda J, Porter D, Loren A, Frey N, Schapira MM. Implementation of an Advanced Practice Provider Service on an Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant Unit: Impact on Patient Outcomes. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of The American Society For Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 2015 Sep 1; 21(9):1692-8.
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a complex medical procedure for some patients with hematologic malignancies. Most ASCTs occur at academic centers where either medical residents (house staff [HS]) or advanced practice providers (APPs) provide daily care. As a result of increasing work-hour regulations, APPs have assumed greater responsibilities, including those traditionally held by HS. In this study we evaluate ASCT patient outcomes by inpatient provider service. A retrospective, single-center chart review of ASCT patients was performed. ASCT patients admitted to an HS service from May 2011 to May 2012 (N = 86) were compared with ASCT patients admitted to a newly formed APP service from October 2012 to October 2013 (N = 81). As part of a secondary sensitivity analysis, we compared ASCT patients on the APP service to a subset of ASCT patients admitted to the HS service also from October 2012 to October 2013 (n = 27). Our primary outcomes were 100-day survival and relapse-free survival rates. Additional outcomes included length of stay (LOS), inpatient complications, and ordering behavior. Our primary pre- and post-analyses found no differences in 100-day overall survival and 100-day relapse-free survival rate between the services. The rate of pneumonia was lower on the APP service (15% versus 28%, P = .04), with no significant differences in other infectious complications. HS ordered more blood cultures (6.7 versus 4.2, P = .03) per patient than the APP service. There was no difference in LOS, readmission rates, or inpatient mortality. With regards to our secondary sensitivity analysis, no differences were found in 100-day overall survival and 100-day relapse-free survival rates between the services. There was a decreased LOS on the APP service (29.4 versus 37.2 days, P = .01). HS ordered more blood cultures (9.3 versus 4.2, P < .01) and more radiological films (8.1 versus 5.2, P = .05) per patient than the APP service. This increased ordering and LOS was associated with an increase in mean hospital charges on the HS service (P = .04). ASCT patients on an APP service had similar 100-day outcomes as those on the HS service. In the setting of limited resources, APPs are potential alternative providers for complex transplant inpatients.