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Kilbourne AM, Goodrich DE, Lai Z, Almirall D, Nord KM, Bowersox NW, Abraham KM. Reengaging veterans with serious mental illness into care: preliminary results from a national randomized trial. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 2015 Jan 1; 66(1):90-3.
OBJECTIVE: This study compared effectiveness of an enhanced versus standard implementation strategy (Replicating Effective Programs [REP]) on site-level uptake of Re-Engage, a national program for veterans with serious mental illness. METHODS: Mental health providers at 158 Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities were given REP-based manuals and training in Re-Engage, which involved identifying veterans who had not been seen in VA care for at least one year, documenting their clinical status, and coordinating further health care. After six months, facilities not responding to REP (N = 88) were randomized to receive six months of facilitation (enhanced REP) or continued standard REP. Site-level uptake was defined as percentage of patients (N = 1,531) with updated documentation or with whom contact was attempted. RESULTS: Rate of Re-Engage uptake was greater for enhanced REP sites compared with standard REP sites (41% versus 31%, p = .01). Total REP facilitation time was 7.3 hours per site for six months. CONCLUSIONS: Added facilitation improved short-term uptake of a national mental health program.