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Hurley AC, Gauthier MA, Horvath KJ, Harvey R, Smith SJ, Trudeau S, Cipolloni PB, Hendricks A, Duffy M. Promoting safer home environments for persons with Alzheimer's disease. The Home Safety/Injury Model. Journal of gerontological nursing. 2004 Jun 1; 30(6):43-51.
This article describes a Home Safety/Injury Model derived from Social Cognitive Theory. The model's three components are safety platform, the person with dementia, and risky behaviors. The person with dementia is in the center, located on the safety platform composed of the physical environment and caregiver competence. The interaction between the underlying dementia and indicators of frailty can lead to the person with dementia performing risky behaviors that can overcome the safety platform's resources and lead to an accident or injury, and result in negative consequences. Through education and research, the model guides proactive actions to prevent risky behaviors of individuals with dementia by promoting safer home environments and increased caregiver competence.