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Duffy SA, Ronis DL, Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Ewing LA, Dalack GW, Smith PM, Carmody TP, Hicks T, Hermann C, Reeves P, Flanagan P. Effectiveness of the tobacco tactics program in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. 2014 Oct 1; 48(2):265-74.
PURPOSE: The purpose was to determine the effectiveness of the Tobacco Tactics program in three Veterans Affairs hospitals. METHODS: In this effectiveness trial, inpatient nurses were educated to provide the Tobacco Tactics intervention in Ann Arbor and Detroit, while Indianapolis was the control site (N? = 1,070). Smokers were surveyed and given cotinine tests. The components of the intervention included nurse counseling, brochure, DVD, manual, pharmaceuticals, 1-800-QUIT-NOW card, and post-discharge telephone calls. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in 6-month quit rates in the pre- to post-intervention time periods in Ann Arbor (p? = 0.004) and Detroit (p? < 0.001) compared to Indianapolis. Pre- versus post-intervention quit rates were 4 % compared to 13 % in Detroit, were similar (6 %) pre- and post-intervention in Ann Arbor, and dropped from 26 % to 12 % in Indianapolis. CONCLUSION: The Tobacco Tactics program, which meets the Joint Commission standards that apply to all inpatient smokers, has the potential to significantly decrease smoking among Veterans.