HSR&D Citation Abstract
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A cancer genetics toolkit improves access to genetic services through documentation and use of the family history by primary-care clinicians.
Scheuner MT, Hamilton AB, Peredo J, Sale TJ, Austin C, Gilman SC, Bowen MS, Goldzweig CL, Lee M, Mittman BS, Yano EM. A cancer genetics toolkit improves access to genetic services through documentation and use of the family history by primary-care clinicians. Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of The American College of Medical Genetics. 2014 Jan 1; 16(1):60-9.
We developed, implemented, and evaluated a multicomponent cancer genetics toolkit designed to improve recognition and appropriate referral of individuals at risk for hereditary cancer syndromes.
We evaluated toolkit implementation in the women's clinics at a large Veterans Administration medical center using mixed methods, including pre-post semistructured interviews, clinician surveys, and chart reviews, and during implementation, monthly tracking of genetic consultation requests and use of a reminder in the electronic health record. We randomly sampled 10% of progress notes 6 months before (n = 139) and 18 months during implementation (n = 677).
The toolkit increased cancer family history documentation by almost 10% (26.6% pre- and 36.3% postimplementation). The reminder was a key component of the toolkit; when used, it was associated with a twofold increase in cancer family history documentation (odds ratio = 2.09; 95% confidence interval: 1.39-3.15), and the history was more complete. Patients whose clinicians completed the reminder were twice as likely to be referred for genetic consultation (4.1-9.6%, P < 0.0001).
A multicomponent approach to the systematic collection and use of family history by primary-care clinicians increased access to genetic services.