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McInnes DK, Solomon JL, Shimada SL, Petrakis BA, Bokhour BG, Asch SM, Nazi KM, Houston TK, Gifford AL. Development and evaluation of an internet and personal health record training program for low-income patients with HIV or hepatitis C. Medical care. 2013 Mar 1; 51(3 Suppl 1):S62-6.
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable populations face difficulties accessing and using the internet and personal health record (PHR) systems for health-related purposes. Populations disconnected from the internet also tend to be disconnected from health care services. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate an intervention to increase skills in health-related internet and PHR use for vulnerable populations with limited computer and internet experience. RESEARCH DESIGN: Preevaluation and postevaluation using quantitative surveys, semistructured interviews, focus groups, and ethnographic observation. SUBJECTS: Fourteen low-income Veterans receiving care at Veterans Affairs medical centers for human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis C. MEASURES: Internet and PHR use, self-efficacy, patient activation, disease knowledge, predictors of medication adherence. RESULTS: At follow-up one (FU1), mean number of internet for health features used increased from 1.57 to 4.07 (P < 0.001) as did number of PHR features, from 0.36 to 2.00 (P < 0.001). Mean self-efficacy increased at FU1, from 7.12 to 8.60, (P = 0.009) and was maintained at follow-up two (FU2). Patient activation increased only at FU2, from 3.42 to 3.61 (P = 0.03). Disease specific knowledge showed borderline increase at FU1, from 67.9% to 72.2% (P = 0.05), whereas there were no changes in predictors of medication adherence. Qualitative findings underscored the interest in using internet and PHRs and their contribution to increased engagement in care. Training cost per participant was $287. CONCLUSIONS: Group training of vulnerable patients represents a cost-effective method to increase internet and PHR skills, and improve patient confidence in finding health-related information, making online health-related transactions, and interacting with health care providers.