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Chaplaincy and mental health in the department of Veterans affairs and department of defense.
Nieuwsma JA, Rhodes JE, Jackson GL, Cantrell WC, Lane ME, Bates MJ, Dekraai MB, Bulling DJ, Ethridge K, Drescher KD, Fitchett G, Tenhula WN, Milstein G, Bray RM, Meador KG. Chaplaincy and mental health in the department of Veterans affairs and department of defense. Journal of health care chaplaincy. 2013 Jan 1; 19(1):3-21.
Chaplains play important roles in caring for Veterans and Service members with mental health problems. As part of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD) Integrated Mental Health Strategy, we used a sequential approach to examining intersections between chaplaincy and mental health by gathering and building upon: 1) input from key subject matter experts; 2) quantitative data from the VA / DoD Chaplain Survey (N = 2,163; response rate of 75% in VA and 60% in DoD); and 3) qualitative data from site visits to 33 VA and DoD facilities. Findings indicate that chaplains are extensively involved in caring for individuals with mental health problems, yet integration between mental health and chaplaincy is frequently limited due to difficulties between the disciplines in establishing familiarity and trust. We present recommendations for improving integration of services, and we suggest key domains for future research.