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Lessons learned when innovations go awry: a baseline description of a behavioral trial-the Enhancing Fitness in Older Overweight Veterans with Impaired Fasting Glucose study.
Hall KS, Pieper CF, Edelman DE, Yancy WS, Green JB, Lum H, Peterson MJ, Sloane R, Cowper PA, Bosworth HB, Huffman KM, Cavanaugh JT, Chapman JG, Pearson MP, Howard TA, Ekelund CC, McCraw BL, Burrell JB, Taylor GA, Morey MC. Lessons learned when innovations go awry: a baseline description of a behavioral trial-the Enhancing Fitness in Older Overweight Veterans with Impaired Fasting Glucose study. Translational behavioral medicine. 2011 Nov 1; 1(4):573-587.
Individuals diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance (i.e., prediabetes) are at increased risk for developing diabetes. We proposed a clinical trial with a novel adaptive randomization designed to examine the impact of a home-based physical activity (PA) counseling intervention on metabolic risk in prediabetic elders. This manuscript details the lessons learned relative to recruitment, study design, and implementation of a 12-month randomized controlled PA counseling trial. A detailed discussion on how we responded to unforeseen challenges is provided. A total of 302 older patients with prediabetes were randomly assigned to either PA counseling or usual care. A novel adaptive design that reallocated counseling intensity based on self-report of adherence to PA was initiated but revised when rates of non-response were lower than projected. This study presents baseline participant characteristics and discusses unwelcome adaptations to a highly innovative study design to increase PA and enhance glucose metabolism when the best-laid plans went awry.