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Predicting risk of hospitalization or death among patients with heart failure in the veterans health administration.
Wang L, Porter B, Maynard C, Bryson C, Sun H, Lowy E, McDonell M, Frisbee K, Nielson C, Fihn SD. Predicting risk of hospitalization or death among patients with heart failure in the veterans health administration. The American journal of cardiology. 2012 Nov 1; 110(9):1342-9.
Patients with heart failure (HF) are at high risk of hospitalization or death. The objective of this study was to develop prediction models to identify patients with HF at highest risk for hospitalization or death. Using clinical and administrative databases, we identified 198,460 patients who received care from the Veterans Health Administration and had = 1 primary or secondary diagnosis of HF that occurred within 1 year before June 1, 2009. We then tracked their outcomes of hospitalization and death during the subsequent 30 days and 1 year. Predictor variables chosen from 6 clinically relevant categories of sociodemographics, medical conditions, vital signs, use of health services, laboratory tests, and medications were used in multinomial regression models to predict outcomes of hospitalization and death. In patients who were in the = 95th predicted risk percentile, observed event rates of hospitalization or death within 30 days and 1 year were 27% and 80% respectively, compared to population averages of 5% and 31%, respectively. The c-statistics for the 30-day outcomes were 0.82, 0.80, and 0.80 for hospitalization, death, and hospitalization or death, respectively, and 0.82, 0.76, and 0.77, respectively, for 1-year outcomes. In conclusion, prediction models using electronic health records can accurately identify patients who are at highest risk for hospitalization or death. This information can be used to assist care managers in selecting patients for interventions to decrease their risk of hospitalization or death.