Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Ethnicity predicts perceptions of smoking and smoking cessation among veterans.

Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Ewing LA, Taylor NJ, Essenmacher CA, Duffy SA. Ethnicity predicts perceptions of smoking and smoking cessation among veterans. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 2012 Apr 1; 19(3):203-10.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


The objective of this study was to determine if race/ethnicity predicts motivation to quit smoking and preferences for cessation services among smokers serviced by a primarily psychiatric Veterans Affairs hospital. A self-administered survey was given to a convenience sample of smokers (n = 146) at the Battle Creek Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were calculated to determine the association between race/ethnicity and motivation to quit smoking. Forty-two per cent of the sample was non-white. Non-white patients smoked significantly less cigarettes per day as compared with white patients (P = 0.002). In the multivariate analyses, compared with whites, non-whites had 3.5 times greater odds of thinking that quitting smoking was extremely/very important to health (P = 0.01), 4.0 times greater odds of thinking of quitting using tobacco products in the next 30 days (P = 0.004) and 3.4 times greater odds of being interested in receiving smoking cessation services (P = 0.007). Yet, non-white patients were less likely to be interested in intensive nurse counselling and cessation medications. As the number of non-whites continues to increase in the military, novel strategies may be needed to capitalize on the high motivation to quit smoking and preference for non-traditional interventions among non-white smokers treated in Veterans Affairs hospitals.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.