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Gender differences in correlates of recent physical assault among untreated rural and urban at-risk drinkers: role of depression.
Chermack ST, Booth BM, Curran GM. Gender differences in correlates of recent physical assault among untreated rural and urban at-risk drinkers: role of depression. Violence and victims. 2006 Feb 1; 21(1):67-80.
This study examined gender-specific correlates of past 6-month physical assault victimization among 468 men and 229 women at-risk drinkers recruited from both urban and rural settings. Both alcohol dependence and depression were associated with physical assault, but there were differences for women and men in the pattern of significant correlates. Specifically, for women the presence of alcohol dependence, depression or their comorbidity all were associated with physical assault. For men, depression by itself was not associated with physical assault, but alcohol dependence and especially alcohol dependence comorbid with depression were significant predictors. Further, there were stronger relationships between demographics and physical assault for men. The results have implications regarding identification of risk factors for physical assault victimization among at-risk drinkers. Overall, the results of this study suggest that screening and prevention interventions for physical assault among at-risk drinkers should target both alcohol use disorders and depression.