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Friedman JY, Anstrom KJ, Weinfurt KP, McIntosh M, Bosworth HB, Oddone EZ, Bright CM, Schulman KA. Perceived racial/ethnic bias in healthcare in Durham County, North Carolina: a comparison of community and national samples. North Carolina Medical Journal. 2005 Jul 1; 66(4):267-75.
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare findings of a national survey of perceptions of racial/ethnic discrimination in healthcare to those of a community survey, with emphasis on the perceptions of Latinos. METHODS: Responses from a national survey were compared to a telephone survey of residents of Durham County, North Carolina. RESULTS: Black respondents in the Durham sample were more likely than those in the national sample to feel that a healthcare provider had treated them with disrespect because of health insurance status (28% vs 14%; P < 0.001). Approximately one third of Durham Latinos and 14% of Latinos in the national sample felt they had been treated with disrespect because of their English-language ability (P < 0.01). Compared to a national sample of white participants, white respondents in Durham were more likely to believe that black persons are worse off in terms of receiving routine medical care (40% vs 27%; P < 0.01) and having health insurance (58% vs 43%; P < 0.01). As compared to their national counterparts, there was a similar trend for how white respondents in Durham perceived how Latinos fared (P < 0.001 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: Overall the perception of bias in healthcare was greater among Durham residents, especially among newly immigrated Latinos, than among their national counterparts.