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Recommendations for research design of telehealth studies.

Chumbler NR, Kobb R, Brennan DM, Rabinowitz T. Recommendations for research design of telehealth studies. Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association. 2008 Nov 1; 14(9):986-9.

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Properly designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard to use when examining the effectiveness of telehealth interventions on clinical outcomes. Some published telehealth studies have employed well-designed RCTs. However, such methods are not always feasible and practical in particular settings. This white paper addresses not only the need for properly designed RCTs, but also offers alternative research designs, such as quasi-experimental designs, and statistical techniques that can be employed to rigorously assess the effectiveness of telehealth studies. This paper further offers design and measurement recommendations aimed at and relevant to administrative decision-makers, policymakers, and practicing clinicians.

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