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Chronic illness with complexities: mental illness and substance use among Veteran clinic users with diabetes.
Banerjea R, Sambamoorthi U, Smelson D, Pogach LM. Chronic illness with complexities: mental illness and substance use among Veteran clinic users with diabetes. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse. 2007 Jan 1; 33(6):807-21.
OBJECTIVE: Create a taxonomy and examine the predictors of the often co-occurring conditions of substance use disorders and mental illness in veterans with diabetes. DESIGN: Merged Veteran Health Administration and Medicare fee-for-service claims data (N = 485,893). RESULTS: Thirty-one percent of patients with diabetes were diagnosed with either mental illness or substance use and had higher rates of diabetes-related complications. Women were more likely to have serious mental illness; African Americans and Latinos more likely to have drug and/or alcohol use. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of substance use disorder and mental illness differed by socio-demographics, suggesting the need for tailored diabetes management interventions.