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Communication about depression during rheumatoid arthritis patient visits.

Sleath B, Chewning B, de Vellis BM, Weinberger M, de Vellis RF, Tudor G, Beard A. Communication about depression during rheumatoid arthritis patient visits. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Feb 15; 59(2):186-91.

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OBJECTIVE: To examine whether rheumatologists and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with depressive symptoms communicate about depression. METHODS: The data used in this study came from a randomized controlled trial to improve provider-patient communication about patients' agendas. The current secondary analysis used data collected at baseline, before any intervention occurred. A total of 200 RA patients from 4 rheumatology clinics participated in the study. Patient medical visits were audiotape recorded and patients were interviewed after their medical visits. Physicians recorded patients' American College of Rheumatology (ACR) functional status after their visits. RESULTS: Twenty-one (11%) patients were scored as having moderately severe to severe symptoms of depression. Patients who were rated by their physicians as having worse ACR functional status were more than twice as likely to have moderately severe to severe symptoms of depression (odds ratio 2.23, 95% confidence interval 1.1-4.6). Only 4 (19%) of the 21 patients who were scored as having moderately severe to severe symptoms of depression discussed depression during their medical visits, and patients initiated the discussion each time. CONCLUSION: Rheumatologists should consider assessing depressive symptoms among their patients, especially among those with worse functional status.

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