Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Association of hypertension genotypes and decline in renal function after kidney transplantation

Israni AK, Li N, Sidhwani S, Rosas S, Kong X, Joffe M, Rebbeck T, Feldman HI. Association of hypertension genotypes and decline in renal function after kidney transplantation. Transplantation. 2007 Nov 27; 84(10):1240-7.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of genes such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensinogen (AGT), and angiotensin receptor type I (AGTR1) have been associated with hypertension. Hypertension, in turn, has been associated with decreased renal allograft survival. Therefore, this study investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes are associated with decline in renal function posttransplantation. METHODS: We enrolled patients from a prospective cohort of renal transplant recipients of deceased donor kidneys being conducted at 9 centers in the Delaware Valley Region. Medical records were assessed every 6 months and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Genotypes of 10, 2, and 5 SNPs in the AGTR1, AGT, and ACE gene were analyzed, respectively. RESULTS: The G and the T alleles of the respective AGTR1 SNPs rs275704 and rs5182 were both associated with 50% decline in eGFR (HR for rs275704: CG = 1.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-2.25 and GG = 2.55, 95% CI 1.22-5.32, overall P = 0.03; HR for rs5182: CT = 1.26, 95% CI 0.72-2.19 and TT = 3.09, 95% CI 1.50-6.37, overall P = 0.007) in the adjusted analysis. Similarly, haplotype analysis showed that AGTR1 SNPs were associated with 50% decline in eGFR (global P = 0.010). The GG genotype of SNP rs275704 occurred more frequently in African Americans than in non-African Americans (44% vs. 7%, chi2 = 36.03, P < 0.0001). In contrast, the TT genotype of SNP rs5182 occurred more frequently in non-African Americans than in African-Americans (24% vs. 2%, chi2 = 21.40, P < 0.0001). Polymorphisms in the ACE and AGT genes were not associated with renal allograft outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: SNPs in AGTR1 gene are associated with decline in renal function posttransplantation.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.