Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Posttransplantation anemia at 12 months in kidney recipients treated with mycophenolate mofetil: risk factors and implications for mortality

Imoagene-Oyedeji AE, Rosas SE, Doyle AM, Goral S, Bloom RD. Posttransplantation anemia at 12 months in kidney recipients treated with mycophenolate mofetil: risk factors and implications for mortality. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN. 2006 Nov 1; 17(11):3240-7.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


Although posttransplantation anemia (PTA) is common in the mycophenolate mofetil era, its impact on patient survival is unknown. This retrospective cohort study characterized factors that are associated with PTA 12 mo after transplantation in mycophenolate mofetil-treated kidney recipients and explored whether 12-mo PTA affects outcomes. The records of 626 kidney recipients were examined for presence of anemia (hemoglobin < 12 g/dl). Multivariate regression models, fit with covariates that had unadjusted relationships, investigated both risk factors for 12-mo PTA and whether 12-mo PTA contributes to mortality. Anemia prevalence was 72, 40, and 20.3% at 1, 3, and 12 mo, respectively. By multivariate logistic regression, anemia at 3 mo (odds ratio [OR] 10.0; 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.3 to 17.1; P = 0.0001), donor age (OR 1.0; 95% CI 1.1 to 1.3; P = 0.005), and 3-mo creatinine (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.2 to 3.3; P = 0.044) were associated with 12-mo PTA. The PTA cohort had inferior patient survival (P = 0.02, log rank) and a higher proportion of cardiovascular deaths (6.3 versus 2.2%; P = 0.017) than nonanemic patients. By Cox regression, 12-mo PTA (hazard ratio [HR] 3.0; 95% CI 1.3 to 6.7; P = 0.009), 12-mo creatinine (HR 1.3; 95% CI 1.1 to 1.4; P = 0.008), age at transplantation (HR 1.1; 95% CI 1.1 to 1.2; P = 0.004), and hepatitis C seropositivity (HR 2.8; 95% CI 1.1 to 7.0; P = 0.03) were associated with mortality. There was no interaction between 12-mo PTA and serum creatinine. In conclusion, 12-mo PTA is associated with an increased risk for patient death. The presence of anemia 3 mo after kidney transplantation is a major determinant of 12-mo PTA. PTA in kidney recipients therefore should be defined by its persistence or occurrence beyond the third posttransplantation month.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.