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Kilbourne AM. The burden of general medical conditions in patients with bipolar disorder. Current psychiatry reports. 2005 Dec 1; 7(6):471-477.
We reviewed the current literature on medical comorbidity burden in bipolar disorder. Overall, current studies suggest that numerous medical conditions may occur disproportionately within bipolar disorder patient populations, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hepatitis C infection. In addition, the determinants of increased burden of medical comorbidity in patients with bipolar disorder include metabolic-related factors, health care access barriers, and patient behavioral and treatment factors. Overall, interventions specifically designed to reduce the burden of medical comorbidity in bipolar disorder are needed, especially those that emphasize changes at the health system level to facilitate coordination of medical and psychiatric care.