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Assessing and Addressing Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: JACC State-of-the-Art Review.

Brandt EJ, Tobb K, Cambron JC, Ferdinand K, Douglass P, Nguyen PK, Vijayaraghavan K, Islam S, Thamman R, Rahman S, Pendyal A, Sareen N, Yong C, Palaniappan L, Ibebuogu U, Tran A, Bacong AM, Lundberg G, Watson K. Assessing and Addressing Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: JACC State-of-the-Art Review. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2023 Apr 11; 81(14):1368-1385.

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Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the social conditions in which people are born, live, and work. SDOH offers a more inclusive view of how environment, geographic location, neighborhoods, access to health care, nutrition, socioeconomics, and so on are critical in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. SDOH will continue to increase in relevance and integration of patient management, thus, applying the information herein to clinical and health systems will become increasingly commonplace. This state-of-the-art review covers the 5 domains of SDOH, including economic stability, education, health care access and quality, social and community context, and neighborhood and built environment. Recognizing and addressing SDOH is an important step toward achieving equity in cardiovascular care. We discuss each SDOH within the context of cardiovascular disease, how they can be assessed by clinicians and within health care systems, and key strategies for clinicians and health care systems to address these SDOH. Summaries of these tools and key strategies are provided.

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