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Adapting psychotherapy in collaborative care for treating opioid use disorder and co-occurring psychiatric conditions in primary care.

French R, Worley J, Lowenstein M, Bogner HR, Calderbank T, DePhilippis D, Forrest A, Connolly Gibbons MB, Harris RA, Heywood S, Kampman K, Mandell DS, McKay JR, Newman ST, Oslin DW, Wadden S, Wolk CB. Adapting psychotherapy in collaborative care for treating opioid use disorder and co-occurring psychiatric conditions in primary care. Families, systems & health : the journal of collaborative family healthcare. 2023 Sep 1; 41(3):377-388.

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INTRODUCTION: Opioid use disorder (OUD) and psychiatric conditions commonly co-occur yet are infrequently treated with evidence-based therapeutic approaches, resulting in poor outcomes. These conditions, separately, present challenges to treatment initiation, retention, and success. These challenges are compounded when individuals have OUD and psychiatric conditions. METHOD: Recognizing the complex needs of these individuals, gaps in care, and the potential for primary care to bridge these gaps, we developed a psychotherapy program that integrates brief, evidence-based psychotherapies for substance use, depression, and anxiety, building on traditional elements of the Collaborative Care Model (CoCM). In this article, we describe this psychotherapy program in a primary care setting as part of a compendium of collaborative services. RESULTS: Patients receive up to 12 sessions of evidence-based psychotherapy and case management based on a structured treatment manual that guides treatment via Motivational Enhancement; Cognitive Behavioral Therapies for depression, anxiety, and/or substance use disorder; and/or Behavioral Activation components. DISCUSSION: Novel, integrated treatments are needed to advance service delivery for individuals with OUD and psychiatric conditions and these programs must be rigorously evaluated. We describe our team''s efforts to test our psychotherapy program in a large primary care network as part of an ongoing three-arm randomized controlled trial. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

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