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Vaccines for all: A formative evaluation of a multistakeholder community-engaged COVID-19 vaccine outreach clinic for migrant communities.

Holdbrook LE, Hassan N, Clarke SK, Coakley A, Norrie E, Yemane M, Youssef MR, Sahilie A, Antonio M, Cerino ER, Pendharkar SR, Lake D, Spitzer DL, Pottie K, Edwards ST, Fabreau GE. Vaccines for all: A formative evaluation of a multistakeholder community-engaged COVID-19 vaccine outreach clinic for migrant communities. Journal of migration and health. 2023 Mar 26; 7:100188.

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BACKGROUND: Racialized, low-income, and migrant populations experience persistent barriers to vaccines against COVID-19. These communities in East and Northeast Calgary were disproportionately impacted by COVID-19, yet faced vaccine access barriers. Diverse multi-stakeholder coalitions and community partnerships can improve vaccine outreach strategies, but how stakeholders perceive these models is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a formative evaluation of a low-barrier, community-engaged vaccine outreach clinic in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, on June 5-6, 2021. We delivered an online post-clinic survey to clinic stakeholders, to assess whether the clinic achieved its collectively derived pre-specified goals (effective, efficient, patient-centered, and safe), to asses whether the clinic model was scalable, and to solicit improvement recommendations. Survey responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 166/195 (85%) stakeholders responded. The majority were from non-healthcare positions (59%), between 30 and 49 years of age (87/136; 64%), and self-identified as racialized individuals (96/136; 71%). Respondents felt the clinic was effective (99.2%), efficient (96.9%), patient-centered (92.3%), and safe (90.8%), and that the outreach model was scalable 94.6% (123/130). There were no differences across stakeholder categories. The open-ended survey responses supported the scale responses. Improvement suggestions describe increased time for clinic planning and promotion, more multilingual staff, and further efforts to reduce accessibility barriers, such as priority check-in for people with disabilities. CONCLUSION: Diverse stakeholders almost universally felt that this community-engaged COVID-19 vaccine outreach clinic achieved its goals and was scalable. These findings support the value of community-engaged outreach to improve vaccine equity among other marginalized newcomer communities.

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