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Factors associated with dental implant loss/complications in the Veterans Health Administration, 2015-2019.

Wilson GM, McGregor JC, Gibson G, Jurasic MM, Evans CT, Suda KJ. Factors associated with dental implant loss/complications in the Veterans Health Administration, 2015-2019. Journal of public health dentistry. 2023 Sep 5.

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OBJECTIVES: Twelve percent of the U.S. population has a dental implant. Although rare, implant loss/complications can impact quality of life. This study evaluated indicators for implant loss/complications. METHODS: Veterans with dental implants placed between 2015 and 2019 were included. Implant loss/complications were defined as implant removal or peri-implant defect treatment within 90 days. Binomial logistic regression identified factors associated with implant loss/complications. RESULTS: From 2015 to 2019, 48,811 dental implants were placed in 38,246 Veterans. Implant loss/complications was identified for 202 (0.4%) implants. In adjusted analyses, Veterans aged 50-64 years (OR = 1.92 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06, 3.46)) and 65 (OR = 2.01 (95% CI: 1.14, 3.53)) were more likely to have implant loss/complications. History of oral infection, tooth location, and number of implants placed all significantly increased the odds of loss/complications. CONCLUSION: Dental implant loss/complications are rare outcomes. Older age, location of implant, and the number of implants placed during a visit were significant predictors of loss/complication.

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