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Scoping Review of Pulmonary Telemedicine Consults: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps.

Li B, Gillmeyer KR, Molloy-Paolillo B, Vimalananda VG, Elwy AR, Wiener RS, Rinne ST. Scoping Review of Pulmonary Telemedicine Consults: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2023 Mar 1; 20(3):456-465.

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Telemedicine consults, including video consults, telephone consults, electronic consults, and virtual conferences, may be particularly valuable in the management of chronic pulmonary diseases, but there is limited guidance on best practices for pulmonary telemedicine consults. This scoping review aims to identify, characterize, and analyze gaps in the published literature on telemedicine consults health providers use to manage patients with chronic pulmonary diseases. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from database origin through July 10, 2021. We included manuscripts describing applications of telemedicine consults for patients with chronic pulmonary diseases (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, pulmonary hypertension, and interstitial lung disease). We restricted our review to full-length articles published in English about provider-led (as opposed to nurse-led) telemedicine consults. Our search yielded 3,118 unique articles; 27 articles met the inclusion criteria. All telemedicine consult modalities and chronic pulmonary conditions were well represented in the review except for pulmonary hypertension and interstitial lung disease, which were represented by one and no articles, respectively. Most articles described a small, single-center, observational study that focused on the acceptability, feasibility, use, and/or clinical effectiveness of the telemedicine consult. Few studies had objectively measured clinical outcomes or included a comparator group, and none compared telemedicine consult modalities against one another. Our scoping review identified limited literature describing pulmonary telemedicine consults and highlighted several gaps in the literature that warrant increased attention. Providers treating chronic pulmonary diseases are left with limited guidance on best practices for telemedicine consults.

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