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Opioid Use Disorder Curricular Content in US-Based Doctor of Pharmacy Programs.

Nichols MA, Riley EG, Chao AS, Sales CG, Miller ML, Curran GM, Ott CA, Snyder ME, Hudmon KS. Opioid Use Disorder Curricular Content in US-Based Doctor of Pharmacy Programs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2023 Jun 1; 87(6):100061.

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OBJECTIVES: To characterize the instructional settings, delivery methods, and assessment methods of opioid use disorder (OUD) content in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) programs; assess faculty perceptions of OUD content; and assess faculty perceptions of a shared OUD curriculum. METHODS: This national, cross-sectional, descriptive survey study was designed to characterize OUD content, faculty perceptions, and faculty and institutional demographics. A contact list was developed for accredited, US-based PharmD programs with publicly-accessible online faculty directories (n  =  137). Recruitment and telephone survey administration occurred between August and December 2021. Descriptive statistics were computed for all items. Open-ended items were reviewed to identify common themes. RESULTS: A faculty member from 67 (48.9%) of 137 institutions contacted completed the survey. All programs incorporated OUD content into required coursework. Didactic lectures were the most common delivery method (98.5%). Programs delivered a median of 7.0 h (range, 1.5-33.0) of OUD content in required coursework, with 85.1% achieving the 4-hour minimum for substance use disorder-related content recommended by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. Just over half (56.8%) of faculty agreed or strongly agreed that their students were adequately prepared to provide opioid interventions; however, 50.0% or fewer perceived topics such as prescription interventions, screening and assessment interventions, resource referral interventions, and stigma to be covered adequately. Almost all (97.0%) indicated moderate, high, or extremely high interest in a shared OUD curriculum. CONCLUSION: Enhanced OUD education is needed in PharmD programs. A shared OUD curriculum was of interest to faculty and should be explored as a potentially viable solution for addressing this need.

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