skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

The Association Between Racialized Discrimination in Health Care and Pain Among Black Patients With Mental Health Diagnoses.

Hammett PJ, Eliacin J, Saenger M, Allen KD, Meis LA, Krein SL, Taylor BC, Branson M, Fu SS, Burgess DJ. The Association Between Racialized Discrimination in Health Care and Pain Among Black Patients With Mental Health Diagnoses. The journal of pain. 2023 Aug 15.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

Chronic pain is a costly and debilitating problem in the United States, and its burdens are exacerbated among socially disadvantaged and stigmatized groups. In a cross-sectional study of Black Veterans with chronic pain at the Atlanta VA Health Care System (N  =  380), we used path analysis to explore the roles of racialized discrimination in health care settings, pain self-efficacy, and pain-related fear avoidance beliefs as potential mediators of pain outcomes among Black Veterans with and without an electronic health record-documented mental health diagnosis. In unadjusted bivariate analyses, Black Veterans with a mental health diagnosis (n  =  175) reported marginally higher levels of pain-related disability and significantly higher levels of pain interference compared to those without a mental health diagnosis (n  =  205). Path analyses revealed that pain-related disability, pain intensity, and pain interference were mediated by higher levels of racialized discrimination in health care and lower pain self-efficacy among Black Veterans with a mental health diagnosis. Pain-related fear avoidance beliefs did not mediate pain outcomes. These findings highlight the need to improve the quality and effectiveness of health care for Black patients with chronic pain through the implementation of antiracism interventions within health care systems. Results further suggest that Black patients with chronic pain who have a mental health diagnosis may benefit from targeted pain management strategies that focus on building self-efficacy for managing pain. PERSPECTIVE: Racialized health care discrimination and pain self-efficacy mediated differences in pain-related disability, pain intensity, and pain interference among Black Veterans with and without a mental health diagnosis. Findings highlight the need for antiracism interventions within health care systems in order to improve the quality of care for Black patients with chronic pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01983228.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.