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Quality Improvement Efforts in VA Community Living Centers Following Public Reporting of Performance.

Davila H, Mills WL, Clark V, Hartmann CW, Sullivan JL, Mohr DC, Baughman AW, Berlowitz DR, Pimentel CB. Quality Improvement Efforts in VA Community Living Centers Following Public Reporting of Performance. Journal of Aging & Social Policy. 2023 Apr 4; 1-23.

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For two decades, the U.S. government has publicly reported performance measures for most nursing homes, spurring some improvements in quality. Public reporting is new, however, to Department of Veterans Affairs nursing homes (Community Living Centers [CLCs]). As part of a large, public integrated healthcare system, CLCs operate with unique financial and market incentives. Thus, their responses to public reporting may differ from private sector nursing homes. In three CLCs with varied public ratings, we used an exploratory, qualitative case study approach involving semi-structured interviews to compare how CLC leaders (? = 12) perceived public reporting and its influence on quality improvement. Across CLCs, respondents said public reporting was helpful for transparency and to provide an "outside perspective" on CLC performance. Respondents described employing similar strategies to improve their public ratings: using data, engaging staff, and clearly defining staff roles vis-à-vis quality improvement, although more effort was required to implement change in lower performing CLCs. Our findings augment those from prior studies and offer new insights into the potential for public reporting to spur quality improvement in public nursing homes and those that are part of integrated healthcare systems.

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